English
聯系我們
網站地圖
郵箱
舊版回顧



【中國科學報】長臂混元龍:一次意想不到的藍天之旅

文章來源:中國科學報 丁佳   發布時間:2019-05-10  【字號:     】  

  在關于對藍天的渴望方面,人類和恐龍并沒有什么區別。

  為了能飛到天上去看看,人類進行了大量的嘗試,最終發明了飛機;而恐龍在其演化歷程中,也曾進行過大量意想不到的適應飛行的嘗試——比人類更甚的是,它們連自己的樣子都改變了。

  5月9日,《自然》雜志的封面文章發表了中國科學院古脊椎動物與古人類研究所科研人員的一項研究成果,他們發現了一種生活在侏羅紀的長著膜質翅膀的恐龍,它為恐龍的飛行演化補上了缺失的一環。

  撲朔迷離的“四不像”

  在脊椎動物里,翼龍、鳥類和蝙蝠都能飛,但它們的演化過程是獨立的,各自的飛行結構也是形態迥異的。

  相較翼龍和蝙蝠不完整的化石記錄,隨著不斷發現的帶羽毛恐龍和早期鳥類化石,得益于我國中晚侏羅世的燕遼生物群和早白堊世的熱河生物群,有關鳥類飛行起源這一重要科學問題取得了重要進展。

  “尤其是恐龍家族里最為怪異的類群——善攀鳥龍類的發現,為我們揭示出了一條令人匪夷所思的征服藍天之旅。”中科院古脊椎所研究員徐星說。

  善攀鳥龍類的形態十分奇特,它們的頭骨高聳、四肢纖細,很像是恐龍和鳥類的“混合體”,一度被認為是跟鳥類具有最近親緣關系的獸腳類恐龍。

  迄今為止,這類生活在中—晚侏羅世的恐龍只發現了三個屬種——寧城樹棲龍、胡氏耀龍和奇翼龍。這類恐龍的標本也是要么不完整,要么屬于幼年個體,大量形態特征難以觀察,令其在演化樹上的位置撲朔迷離。

  尤其是2015年徐星等命名的奇翼龍,更為這一類群增添了神秘色彩。奇翼龍的前肢長著翼膜,還具有一根棒狀長骨,這樣的長骨在其他恐龍(包括鳥類)中都沒有類似的結構。徐星推測,奇翼龍“可能是以滑翔為主,輔助以撲翼飛行”。

  然而,奇翼龍的標本也只發現了一件,保存同樣并不完整,因此對于棒狀長骨和翼膜的結構,學界依然存有爭議。

  “神助攻”現身

  2017年,中科院院士周忠和帶領團隊在遼寧晚侏羅世地層考察時,獲得了一件新化石。經過長達一年的室內修理、實驗和對比研究,研究團隊認為它是一種新的善攀鳥龍類,科研人員將其命名為長臂渾元龍。

  “這只長臂渾元龍是目前已知最完整的善攀鳥龍類化石,它提供了大量形態和生態學信息。”周忠和說。

  這只生活在距今約1.63億年的渾元龍體長約32厘米,體重約306克,在很多形態方面明顯不同于其他善攀鳥龍類,卻具有原始鳥類那樣的尾綜骨。這種縮短的尾骨能進一步將身體重心前移,有利于在飛行或滑翔時保持穩定。

  更重要的是,研究人員在渾元龍上發現了和奇翼龍相似的棒狀長骨和翼膜,這一新發現為棒狀長骨和翼膜在善攀鳥龍類中的出現提供了確鑿無疑的證據。

  “此外,渾元龍體內保存有胃石和疑似尚未完全消化的骨質胃容物,這是在善攀鳥龍類中首次發現的與食性相關的證據,我們推測它是雜食性的。”中科院古脊椎所研究員王敏說。

  渾元龍的前肢異常加長,甚至超過了中生代多數鳥類。研究人員在對比恐龍前肢時,發現善攀鳥龍類的前肢比例構成非常奇特,那么,這樣的差異是否與翼膜的出現有關?

  驚鴻一瞥

  為了證實這一猜測,王敏對包括鳥類在內的中生代虛骨龍類進行了系統發育關系主成分分析研究。

  他們發現,善攀鳥龍類前肢的加長主要源自肱骨和尺骨;在鳥類、馳龍類或者傷齒龍類中,則是掌骨的加長,而這些類群的前肢是具有羽毛翅膀的。

  因此研究人員推斷,善攀鳥龍類通過加長的肱骨和尺骨、第三手指,與棒狀長骨來附著膜質的翅膀,而鳥類、馳龍類和傷齒龍類則需要較長的掌骨來附著飛羽。至此,“膜質翅膀+短掌骨”和“羽毛翅膀+長掌骨”兩種截然不同的身體結構,為人們展現出了兩種不同的飛行模式。

  然而,長臂渾元龍等善攀鳥龍可能只是動物飛行演化中的一次短暫嘗試。“因為已知的善攀鳥龍類均生活在晚侏羅世,在此之后的白堊紀恐龍中,這種類似的膜質翅膀就再也沒有出現過了。”王敏說。

  但在歷史長河的對岸,由飛羽構成的翅膀卻一直延續到了白堊紀,歷經漫長的演化形成了鳥類的羽翼,最終成功征服了藍天,并逐漸演化出多樣性最為豐富的現生四足動物。

  (原載于《中國科學報》 2019-05-10 第1版 要聞)



(責任編輯:侯茜)

附件:

專題推薦

相關新聞


© 1996 - 中國科學院 版權所有 京ICP備05002857號  京公網安備110402500047號  聯系我們

地址:北京市三里河路52號 郵編:100864

乐迎彩票www.tang444.com www.41599.cc | 万利www.32123x.com | www.428782.com | www.15lx.com | www.94594.com | www.659847.com | www.440165.com | www.055688.com | www.826888.com | www.944201.com | www.867309.com | www.952623.com | 179957.com | www.917252.com | www.lh899.com | 790251.com | www.533996.com | www.333430.cc | www.339542.com | www.318892.com | www.772916.com | www.681359.com | www.628030.com | JJ彩票www.51550.cc | www.6543.cm | www.56908.cc | www.644654.com | www.065202.com | 851947.com | www.347698.com | www.wp87.com | www.002107.com | www.626190.com | www.227791.com | www.77538.com | 500彩票www.857981.com | www.37415.com | www.093016.com | www.399366.com | www.651260.com | www.842468.com | www.2131.cc | www.654374.com | 237437.com | 439935.com | www.192402.com | www.809655.com | www.194544.com | www.28ki.com | www.749356.com | www.801285.com | www.j29.org | www.70qd.com | 878229.com | www.42sp.com | 444510.com | www.974782.com | www.939947.com | www.cp5776.com | www.93bc.com | www.vr31.com | 822996.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.351957.com | www.hc81.com | www.906727.com | 195567.com | www.066277.com | www.198848.com | 556181.com | www.049522.com | www.xv32.com | www.78765.com | www.33811.com | www.xq72.com | www.ll10.com | 560273.com | www.71mc.com | www.180000.com | www.8242.biz | www.520509.com | www.42zz.cc | www.977567.com | 046424.com | www.53qh.com | www.16qh.com | www.555709.com | www.48130.com | www.44dw.com | www.50685.com | www.108921.cc | www.317076.com | www.234064.com | www.511092.com | 90zk.com | www.03ya.com | www.287172.com | www.0422.com | www.208650.com | www.24ke.com | 64048.cc | www.wm07.com | www.42sd.com | www.498577.com | www.362301.com | www.969139.com | 566041.com | www.103426.cc | www.930776.com | www.ap84.com | www.95hs.com | www.0876.net | www.327744.com | www.281539.com | www.649533.com | www.282612.com | www.39816.cc | www.110575.com | www.14010.com | 948244.com | 198113.com | www.xw99.cc | www.3791.cn | www.301151.com | www.622571.com | www.84rq.com | www.234816.com | www.551110.com | 89811.cc | www.xv12.com | 624302.com | 360354.com | 010078.com | www.426992.com | www.526525.com | 021269.com | 984254.com | www.915079.com | www.sl71.com | www.179169.com | 994923.com | 672448.com | www.km94.com | www.o96.cn | www.62672.com | 彩票5www.564676.com | www.900631.com | www.983836.com | www.629700.com | www.920.online | 892099.com | www.cai1088.com | 928770.com | 977465.com | 686073.com | www.369354.com | 949364.com | 977175.com | www.hd76.com | 599307.com | www.4321.com | www.065532.com | www.673434.com | www.312480.com | www.982153.com | 591661.com | www.7606.top | www.6999.live | www.993431.com | 025949.com | www.926844.com | 091049.com | www.cz15.com | www.34303.com | www.88792.com | www.6931.com | www.91ho.com | www.59124.cc | www.057551.com | www.730252.com | 373089.com | www.457879.com | 190896.com | www.40947.com | www.735535.com | www.579946.com | www.745094.com | www.72ct.com | 410035.com | www.968205.com | www.928076.com | www.939564.com | www.026324.com | www.3334.net | www.7312.live | 彩票5www.515049.com | 开心彩票www.ck1178.com | www.666322.com | www.521018.com | www.755569.com | www.979419.com | 爱心彩www.axc4.com | www.82149.com | www.633786.com | www.152605.com | 262677.com | www.996046.com | 659470.com | www.ao3.cc | www.515178.com | 802294.com | www.619181.com | www.502914.com | www.xz5.cc | www.1206.org | www.2308.vip | www.1313.website | www.38289.cc | www.1352.vip | www.349370.com | 426850.com | www.127457.com | www.537538.com | www.rc62.com | 947756.com | 233834.com | www.650758.com | www.640802.com | 115431.com | www.536570.com | www.034335.com | www.908337.com | www.xv67.com | www.270004.com | www.4184.biz | www.3289.com | www.654495.com | 532343.com | www.503342.com | www.8372.shop | www.77007.cc | www.89gh.com | www.dn23.com | 759917.com | www.ji74.com | www.mu32.com | www.18771.com | www.257300.com | www.298571.com | www.083321.com | 08qh.com | www.880195.com | 867611.com | www.033096.com | www.267571.com | www.52456.cc | www.381904.com | www.867392.com | www.24098.com | www.42674.com | www.65502.com | www.575582.com | www.430009.com | www.693228.com | 712132.com | www.335947.com | 902166.com | 083982.com | 爱购彩票www.355241.com | www.832.cm | www.330518.com | www.730936.com | www.960108.com | www.cai7655.com | www.131386.com | www.964325.com | www.bf10.cc | www.737538.com | www.761301.com | www.694408.com | www.3261.cn | www.012868.com | www.836945.com | www.226939.com | www.671693.com | www.684832.com | www.979748.com | www.022966.com | www.468728.com | www.873374.com | www.947752.com | www.113185.com | www.37hn.com | www.i99.xyz | 578813.com | www.zy2.cc | www.0348.cc | www.942188.com | www.844117.com | www.873827.com | www.8688.site | www.q59.in | www.85481.com | www.070732.com | www.104520.com | 109115.com | www.895186.com | www.917851.com | www.07452.com | www.019428.com | www.276058.com | 028974.com | www.965216.com | 626979.com | www.oe87.com | www.7408.com | www.221595.com | www.298507.com | www.156788.com | www.12533.cc | www.028027.com | www.69pb.com | www.ej11.com | www.48ra.com | www.3545.org | www.2351.cn | www.pk81.com | www.u25.com | 599234.com | www.2032.mobi | www.47433.com | www.91716.cc | www.01968.com | www.730596.com | www.809874.com | 778.hk | 742669.com | www.77ed.com | www.hi5.com | www.190233.com | ta59.com | 964016.com | www.7614.pw | www.131049.com | www.165204.com | www.40772.com | www.320758.com | www.209309.com | www.762978.com | 99彩票www.99001r.com | 凤凰VIwww.www.fh3399.com | 164047.cc | 中国福利彩票www.08588m.com | www.54yr.com | www.98dj.cc | www.920391.com | www.5168.website | www.43505.com | www.40937.com | www.306121.com | 090706.com | www.62426.com | www.062443.com | www.318593.com | www.315364.com | www.nq60.com | www.296177.com | www.347.bid | www.129475.com | www.252879.com | www.vx3.com | 新盈彩www.xinyc3.com | 1667.wang | 279214.com | 五彩堂www.898304.com | www.2627.in | www.62fk.com | www.570075.com | www.3865.in | 219085.com | www.200002.cc | www.260218.com | www.536622.com | www.325945.com | www.923692.com | 720345.com | www.23dj.cc | 大赢家彩票平台www.101698.com | 367012.com | www.099959.com | www.fn80.com | www.7921.biz | www.673925.com | www.77269.cc | 032717.com | 380365.cc | www.221082.com | www.7063.org | 982483.com | www.843061.com | www.236689.com | www.566042.com | www.sk71.com | www.6207.pw | www.3311.biz | www.9070.in | www.789084.cc | 443560.com | www.947624.com | www.98jf.com | www.898314.com | 931189.com | 876769.com | www.433005.com | 31488.cc | 129499.com | www.925860.com | www.90741.com | www.331754.com | www.93431.com | www.93997.cc | www.51871.com | www.386832.com | www.cp850.cc | 689898.com | www.tr00.com | www.553025.com | www.639761.com | www.g00.me | www.76184.com | www.222726.com | 567318.com | www.974074.com | www.700378.com | www.no30.com | www.0184.net | www.292769.com | www.860527.com | www.811740.com | www.777139.com | www.1225.net | www.954256.com | 243204.com | www.994914.com | www.890885.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.225095.com | 6872.biz | www.374331.com | www.80en.com | www.858758.com | www.au49.com | www.6377.net | www.8710.com | www.10cx.com | www.s00.cn | www.8ok.cc | www.15ur.com | www.ip73.com | www.21ld.com | www.ma98.com | www.na97.com | www.16861.com | www.92613.com | www.51371.cc | www.77131.cc | www.115772.com | www.361946.com | 751630.com | www.8794.shop | 485706.com | www.158050.com | www.36hx.com | www.730561.com | www.cb79.com | 500万彩票www.96386g.com | 130952.com | www.896990.com | 498408.com | www.933786.com | 630087.com | www.950594.com | www.640122.com | www.816868.cc | www.753323.com | 270932.com | 590912.com | 008304.com | www.849008.com | www.859107.com | www.832059.com | www.923650.com | www.879985.com | www.902930.com | 971367.com | www.871842.com | www.878640.com | www.807528.com | www.507291.com | www.195375.com | www.38494.com | www.1766.mobi | www.7350.vip | www.32983.cc | www.8dw.cc | www.n98.wang | www.qa73.com | www.072.org | www.006249.com | www.1414.vip | www.nd63.com | www.cp7720.com | 023252.com | 987523.com | www.840258.com | www.508020.com | www.799403.com | www.926812.com | 974013.com | 9960.biz | www.806560.com | www.547559.com | www.584419.com | www.615807.com | 679370.com | www.988799.cc | www.797672.com | www.714062.com | www.st3.cc | uo86.com | www.990270.com | 0907.com | www.606119.com | www.830972.com | www.p72.net | www.973781.com | www.027280.com | www.022314.com | www.15951.cc | www.0990.com | www.916772.com | www.889935.com | 592757.com | www.06ue.com | www.099521.com | www.1305.pro | www.18nj.com | www.4416.tv | www.49935.com | www.dq09.com | www.oj53.com | www.290.in | www.3396.cc | www.yp11.com | www.ss98.com | 995045.com | 919463.com | 7526.biz | www.793309.com | www.576824.com | www.347261.com | www.208981.com | www.100136.com | www.067722.com | www.93218.cc | www.569379.com | 华夏彩票www.hx5577.com | www.b27.org | www.86ph.com | www.09050.com | www.43734.com | www.52167.cc | www.003588.com | www.006541.com | www.8345.biz | www.242241.com | 202684.com | www.906132.com | www.659849.com | www.594011.com | www.279078.com | www.222589.com | www.7582.org | www.035514.com | www.131391.com | 024989.com | www.976174.com | www.771035.com | www.737219.com | www.602483.com | www.915292.com | www.787963.com | www.668336.cc | www.545400.com | www.362646.com | www.599033.com | www.954926.com | www.627350.com | www.919856.com | www.622197.com | www.309093.com | www.134592.com | www.69269.cc | www.085512.com | www.205205.cc | www.093885.com | www.128152.com | www.796283.com | www.686837.com | www.916110.com | www.775369.com | www.689807.com | www.654729.com | www.867147.com | www.846586.com | www.555143.com | www.130458.com | www.90159.com | www.22570.com | www.25391.com | www.0709.cn | www.30748.com | www.145273.com | www.390330.com | www.219746.com | www.74487.com | www.59133.cc | www.25891.cc | www.79uy.com | www.24752.com | www.97fa.com | www.05au.com | 多乐彩票www.244747.com | 717888.com | www.873123.com | www.15h4.net | www.154051.com | 995064.com | 429914.com | 691523.com | 892741.com | www.ua05.com | www.6861.cm | www.6101.cc | www.3572.xyz | www.70py.com | www.50ok.com | www.u68.xyz | www.nv0.cc | 万历彩票www.77114m.com | 795669.com | 479773.com | 988542.com | 乐盈彩票www.89980.cc | 775677.com | 810602.com | 977813.com | 595040.com | 03vw.com | 4796.biz | www.956997.com | www.920973.com | www.371911.com | www.520724.com | www.296375.com | www.333194.com | www.176013.com | www.487868.com | www.675256.com | www.657217.com | www.485369.com | www.806569.com | 270817.com | 594234.com | 78011.com | www.18vq.com | www.61xq.com | www.1874.cc | www.0971.biz | www.4690.top | www.16ln.com | www.tg4.cc | www.ct60.com | iw91.com | 740577.com | www.984426.com | www.814435.com | www.663945.com | 网易彩票www.36788a.com | www.773.red | www.6070.tv | www.56ea.com | www.0110.name | www.18814.com | www.5530.vip | www.4028.org | www.522.in | www.26hd.com | www.158870.com | www.338013.com | www.619903.com | 540074.com | 669473.com | 716213.com | www.858639.com | 084989.com | www.985294.com | www.934445.com | www.689696.com | www.323246.com | www.114039.com | www.150986.com | www.000321.com | www.0311.pro | www.0136.cc | www.ml15.com | 889650.com | www.998910.com | www.976024.com | www.81598.com | l51.net | www.427456.com | www.829.xyz | www.908553.com | 262093.com | 610540.com | 369341.com | www.967419.com | www.6689.pw | www.19xt.com | 92209.com--92209.com | 249734.com | www.jg86.com | www.934.cn | www.95373.com | www.126025.com | cai8000.com | 987324.com | www.345189.com | www.671411.com | www.534690.cc | www.365727.cc | www.234409.com | www.33455.com | www.078825.com | www.2994.com | www.44tu.cc | www.gj05.com | k3k3彩票www.602742.com | 788078.com | 627975.com | www.981034.com | 119594.com | 052660.com | 2250.biz | www.763711.com | www.693228.com | www.498261.com | www.976771.com | www.726138.com | 004049.com | 539514.com | 663731.com | 277828.com | www.207959.com | www.988588.com | 176302.com | www.148555.com | www.285060.com | www.587861.com | www.333254.com | www.365391.cc | www.133790.com | www.480306.com | www.027974.com | www.97lh.com | www.59935.com | www.15698.com | www.52880.com | www.048446.com | www.373676.com | www.633204.com | eh73.com | www.924322.com | www.770093.com | www.523098.com | 881644.com--pjc55.com | 784122.com | 38412.com | 028716.com | 494282.com | 940073.com | 937826.com | 579014.com | 90588.cc | 974927.com | www.968389.com | 197761.com | 915587.com | 721851.com | www.873141.com | www.924247.com | www.871252.com | 237458.com | www.994095.com | www.732543.com | www.220712.com | www.6481.cn | 盈彩www.yc7701.com | www.910278.com | www.382470.com | www.598432.com | www.228825.com | www.98kh.com | www.028174.com | www.8298.cm | www.n34.org | www.pg73.com | www.41og.com | 大福彩票www.df76.com | 038379.com | www.971523.com | www.560494.com | www.8845.cc | www.9755.xyz | www.34rp.com | www.1198.vip | www.jg62.com | www.39693.cc | www.83ji.com | www.3590.cm | www.021374.com | www.76410.com | www.087833.com | www.003542.com | www.026405.com | www.062868.com | www.0601.com | www.bx96.com | 013129.com | 021236.com | www.03rf.com | www.35ce.com | www.cai2299.com | 554078.com | 118307.com | 586017.com | 248557.com | www.900983.com | www.870706.com | www.406952.com | www.91349.com | www.35tm.com | www.020812.com | www.80en.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.711895.com | www.978937.com | www.874803.com | www.592433.com | www.204887.com | www.301292.com | 790512.com | www.093696.com | 418916.com | www.102893.com | 103166.com | 979124.com | 44112.com | www.596866.com | www.p67.org | www.617463.cc | www.u13.cc | www.862331.com | www.115097.com | 24560.com | www.155184.com | www.xw59.com | 911722.com | www.587303.com | 435468.com | www.681816.com | www.qj40.com | www.736786.com | 386866.com | 304349.com | js80.com | www.997922.com | www.876725.com | www.718038.com | www.565884.com | www.286377.com | www.89772.com | www.14qn.com | www.83cb.com | cai768.com | www.644553.com | www.879652.com | www.883479.com | www.411137.com | www.088107.com | www.081783.com | www.68km.com | www.121345.com | www.281342.com | www.187233.com | www.35659.com | www.0270.com | www.74nm.com | 898114.com | www.41rg.com | www.007872.com | www.58992.cc | www.8312.com | www.457.tv | www.34pr.com | www.ao6.com | www.hc62.cc | 中国福利彩票www.33588i.com | www.163888.com | 996579.com | 964473.com | www.968997.com | www.716533.com | www.820411.com | 05ut.com | 2884.cn | www.755494.com | www.19cw.com | www.87wq.com | 304258.com | 261653.com | 150175.com | www.972422.com | www.681772.com | www.356300.com | www.842262.com | 885944.com | www.dq56.com | www.69586.com | www.317354.com | www.619457.com | www.324259.com | www.146755.com | www.234414.com | www.560271.com | www.7661.xyz | www.433292.com | www.297506.com | www.106054.com | www.cai2699.com | www.u47.com | 大赢家彩票www.399010.com | www.381469.com | www.298430.com | www.d40.com | 06111.com | 796904.com | 中国福利彩票www.6364e.com | 73xy.com | www.971471.com | www.559064.com | www.232603.com | www.12309.cc | www.8837.xyz | www.5382.cn | www.2802.vip | www.gr40.com | 659464.com | www.994184.com | www.785891.com | www.410987.com | www.322396.com | www.059139.com | www.068856.com | www.208549.com | www.261215.com | dt28.cc | www.772067.com | 51138.com | 32450.cc | 473475.com | www.055265.com | www.4719.top | www.7409.cc | www.1yd.com | www.65926.cc | www.5029.com | 143644.com | 010575.com | www.740027.com | www.269039.com | cx52.com--www.ebe888.com | 612395.com | 924612.com | www.731220.com | www.404097.com | www.956047.com | www.784242.com | www.545403.com | www.936615.com | www.625692.com | www.459133.com | 968527.com | www.l26.cc | 696702.com | www.12526.cc | www.qy06.com | www.85386.cc | www.ca02.com | www.991816.com | 369374.com | www.yz02.cc | www.52ni.com | 235105.com | www.44pn.com | www.195856.com | www.02037.com | 60230.com | www.da51.com | 全民彩票www.218195.com | www.001081.com | www.3879.wang | www.0775.com | www.333911.com | 311709.com | www.940037.com | www.sa64.com | www.1ai.com | 598271.com | www.984730.com | www.696108.com | 505140.com | www.905209.com | www.cp7388.com | www.13429.com | www.d39.cm | www.35377.cc | www.089433.com | www.395648.com | 071133.com | 323788.com | www.kd33.com | www.7323.biz | www.928953.com | www.1741.cc | www.488.tv | www.029325.com | www.04891.com | www.323541.com | www.94941.cc | www.2932.pw | C9999www.318548.com | 797201.com | www.182880.com | www.73rc.com | www.8880.in | 886250.cc | www.139947.com | www.737216.com | 172230.com | www.849622.com | 781143.com | cai3920.com | www.364155.com | 310210.com | www.564738.com | www.927593.com | www.560218.com | www.296118.com | www.804147.com | www.91504.com | www.6137.cm | www.43vo.com | www.292307.com | www.139616.com | www.017202.com | www.18058.com | www.821805.com | www.552733.com | www.918853.com | 362335.com | 737291.com | www.354098.com | www.028648.com | www.701013.com | www.360384.com | www.7652.xyz | www.qc22.com | 320400.com | 大富豪www.339967.com | 964113.com | www.839089.com | www.251405.com | www.120582.com | www.3847.top | www.86mm.com | 955244.com | www.973079.com | www.998293.com | 174997.com | www.15228.cc | www.523270.com | www.336734.com | www.9144.in | www.934.xyz | www.69pb.com | www.1389.xyz | www.0483.cc | 029780.com | www.921883.com | www.226215.com | www.342724.com | www.74hk.com | www.1284.xyz | 6009.pw | 9872.biz | www.yp32.com | 509532.com | www.876703.com | www.6213.cn | www.uw60.com | www.297367.com | www.951633.com | www.771276.com | www.517249.com | 277775.com | www.688336.com | www.562807.com | www.319006.com | www.58900.com | www.024346.com | www.39357.cc | www.31107.com | www.873137.com | www.901520.com | 502208.com | www.875119.com | 677601.com | www.957448.com | www.464480.com | www.706414.com | www.712739.com | www.725930.com | www.mn53.com | 500万彩票www.www.98528f.com | www.a30.online | www.vh2.com | www.13526.cc | www.xn81.com | www.39ml.com | www.540092.com | www.197695.com | www.96193.cc | www.45ia.com | cc98.cc | www.962894.com | 939461.com | www.726675.com | www.992323.com | www.607026.com | www.316533.com | www.298517.com | www.318939.com | www.7154.cc | 401720.com | www.816405.com | www.192110.com | www.2714.wang | 964170.com | www.898171.com | www.281354.com | www.103.online | 768010.com | www.792712.com | www.961976.com | www.384116.com | www.34349.cc | 51彩票www.735898.com | www.866785.com | www.814834.com | www.238729.com | www.4497.xyz | 265775.com | www.831648.com | www.aa12.com | www.942838.com | www.311145.com | www.714477.com | www.350730.com | www.033331.com | www.05qb.com | www.300050.cc | 835571.com | www.731184.com | www.ss02.com | 乐彩网www.3416s.com | 842006.com | 086670.com | www.715788.com | 87601.com | 064229.com | www.592812.com | www.441794.com | www.606166.com | www.239659.com | www.65930.com | www.681059.com | www.631337.com | www.791178.com | www.818001.com | www.528806.com | www.162301.com | www.408004.com | www.088932.com | www.8288.bid | www.52262.cc | www.xg92.com | 386088.com | www.93kh.com | 福利彩票www.99677a.com | 636149.com | 992304.com | www.rl1.com | jg74.com | www.965011.com | www.730188.com | 500彩票网www.97655j.com | 大赢家彩票平台www.769289.com | 886202.com | www.771393.com | www.617427.com | www.161575.com | www.109165.com | www.291387.com | www.444775.com | www.7978.wang | www.85dw.com | www.jw5.com | 72554.com | 957461.com | www.830576.cc | www.2006.in | www.285128.com | www.89285.com | www.71fg.com | www.325.red | www.4384.vip | www.2306.net | 杏彩www.00840m.com | 809299.com | www.854584.com | 291363.com | 113377.com | www.818207.com | 必发彩票www.620557.com | 彩票A8www.183498.com | www.081059.com | www.008671.com | www.14266.com | www.53610.com | www.208587.com | www.609048.com | www.323513.com | www.257378.com | www.556389.com | www.567855.com | www.182521.com | www.090715.com | www.3889.biz | www.cp649.com | www.81kp.com | www.7di.cc | 66511.com | www.965332.com | www.552559.com | www.jm31.com | www.18059.com | www.110061.com | www.66662.com | www.97bi.com | 962251.com | www.954038.com | www.678756.com | www.654796.com | www.302768.com | www.250047.com | www.33951.com | www.2071.site | www.069037.com | www.16og.com | www.413318.com | www.372234.com | www.421207.com | www.9805.wang | JJ彩票www.37439.cc | 250240.com | www.226344.com | www.18580.com | www.5200.in | 521058.com | www.886730.com | www.510800.com | www.369472.com | www.48zy.com | 019574.com | www.934935.com | www.729701.com | www.26nl.com | www.060828.com | 597565.com | www.679190.com | www.749010.com | www.897894.com | www.931262.com | www.840765.com | www.876152.com | www.631030.com | www.fy62.com | 02js.com | www.010517.com | 500彩票www.535121.com | www.830912.com | www.382859.com | www.291693.com | 910769.com | www.738519.com | www.309160.com | www.640096.com | www.631007.com | 七乐彩票www.qilc7.com | www.715895.com | www.697755.com | www.23885.com | www.781255.com | www.956216.com | www.581115.com | www.538381.com | www.713169.com | www.751925.com | www.444380.com | www.260193.com | www.71531.com | www.710192.com | www.397344.com | www.331820.com | www.762651.com | www.869216.com | www.881330.com | www.975343.com | 412612.com | www.671989.com | www.283566.com | www.778764.com | 466378.com | www.891859.com | www.39xf.com | 765939.com | www.486936.com | www.838958.com | www.873262.com | www.716782.com | www.922317.com | www.413955.com | 46505.com | www.628239.com | www.66293.com | www.314474.com | www.68802.com | www.448017.com | www.813600.com | www.316089.com | www.867374.com | www.775693.com | w78.com | www.812133.com | www.311667.com | www.297898.com | www.191.in | 630762.com | www.922783.com | www.234888.cc | www.641611.com | www.230704.com | www.152067.com | www.230493.com | www.989972.com | www.596925.com | www.js63.com | 452066.com | www.878999.com | www.880835.com | www.657178.com | www.997773.cc | www.535546.com | www.120543.com | www.4381.cm | www.256834.com | www.86567.com | www.2232.date | www.969826.com | 700037.com | 509958.com | www.664491.com | www.284144.com | www.8105.com | 551218.com | 33932.com | www.893106.com | www.397650.com | www.502910.com | www.029897.com | www.72vf.com | www.012098.com | www.11ep.com | 276652.com | 111601.com | www.761293.com | www.139739.com | www.119724.com | www.520583.com | www.97267.cc | www.07xi.com | www.982428.com | www.617828.com | www.537098.com | www.146533.com | www.92892.com | www.68697.cc | www.3446.xyz | www.vm96.com | 671305.com | www.904434.com | www.776001.com | www.262685.com | www.9442.biz | 500万彩票www.www.98528f.com | www.936516.com | www.555359.com | www.770753.com | 810805.com | www.911753.com | www.619300.com | 113929.com | www.882468.com | www.835915.com | www.874254.com | www.701809.com | www.172952.com | www.3841.xyz | www.202407.com | www.1431.vip | www.779476.com | www.278901.com | www.480073.com | www.8430.vip | www.888.link | www.lv88.cc | 335975.com | 073566.com | www.722576.com | www.263010.com | www.0630.org | www.029945.com | www.1190.pw | j75.me | www.495114.com | www.99293.cc | 彩票大家乐www.21202x.com | 063622.com | www.667737.com | www.641242.cc | www.367774.com | www.474835.com | www.61367.com | www.674118.com | www.o69.top | 254118.com | www.957232.com | 570359.com | 吉利彩票www.80075c.com | www.964914.com | www.31298.com | 7096.com | www.054450.com | www.192653.com | www.870695.com | www.387105.com | www.273230.com | www.499781.com | www.7180.pw | www.53772.com | www.567236.com | www.868537.com | www.684674.com | 791083.com | 彩多多www.78949f.com | www.925442.com | www.543289.com | www.629106.com | www.034005.com | 鑫亿彩www.613069.com | 107801.com | www.981475.com | www.4363.org | cai1567.com | www.wz12.cc | 虹彩集团www.011888aa.com | 福彩www.16878g.com | 819249.com | www.712247.com | www.642364.com | www.984773.com | www.361833.com | www.002230.com | www.cp5123.com | 604614.com | www.525269.com | www.870021.com | www.554274.com | www.068920.com | www.534478.com | www.880945.com | www.183715.com | www.171143.com | www.xf13.com | www.956337.com | www.242924.com | www.885240.com | www.858521.com | www.854426.com | www.464507.com | www.391062.com | www.y29.cc | www.608293.com | www.896